Southeastern Wisconsin Invasive Species Consortium, Inc.

SEWISC

Emerald Ash Borer

Emerald Ash Borer

Emerald ash borer
(Agrilus planipennis)

Introduction

The emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis), an invasive, wood-boring beetle that attacks ash trees, was positively identified for the first time in Wisconsin in Ozaukee and Washington Counties in August 2008. Since then, a second infestation has been identified in Vernon County in April 2009.  This exotic insect, native to Asia, was first detected in North American in Detroit, Michigan in 2002.  Since this initial detection, the emerald ash borer has killed tens of millions of ash trees (Fraxinus spp.) in the Great Lakes region and beyond.

Emerald Ash Borer's Effects

Emerald Ash BorerThe emerald ash borer belongs to a group of insects known as metallic wood-boring beetles (Buprestidae). The beetle's immature or larval form spends its life feeding beneath the bark of ash trees. As a result, the ash tree host suffers extensive damage to its vascular system, depriving the tree's crown of water and nutrients. Research conducted by Michigan State University and the USDA Forest Service has shown the emerald ash borer attacks both stressed and healthy ash trees, typically killing its host in three to five years. All ash species in Wisconsin are attacked, including white, green black and blue ash. Mountain ash (Sorbus spp.), not a true ash, is unaffected.

Emerald Ash Borer Spreads Through Firewood

Emerald ash borer is a slow-moving insect, dispersing just one-half to two miles annually on its own. However, this rate of dispersal can be greatly accelerated by humans transporting ash firewood, nursery stock and other wood products long distances. This inadvertent transportation of emerald ash borer larvae in infested materials by people has greatly increased the distribution of emerald ash borer across the country. Since the detection of emerald ash borer, firewood and quarantine regulations have been put in place to try to slow the spread of this pest.

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