An erect, vine-like herbaceous perennial growing to 4 feet tall. Plants have tiny white flowers and long, slender whorled leaves.
Other names for this plant include:
- Common names: smooth bedstraw, false baby's-breath, wild madder
- Scientific names: Galium erectum, Galium mollugo var. erectum
- Invades grasslands, open woodlands, meadows, pastures, riverbanks, and disturbed areas such as roadside ditches.
- Tolerates a wide variety of soil types, from silt and sand to dense red clays.
- A competitor to both long-lived and short-lived forage crops. Quickly crowds out native and non-native crop plants.
- It contains a toxin that causes toxicity in animals.